Eric J. Dirga, P.A.

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Florida's Controlled Substance Drug Schedules

Section 893.03. Florida Statutes; Standards and Schedules

Classification Of Controlled Substances In Florida

Last Updated: May 27, 2016

This is an introduction to the Controlled Substance Schedules under Florida law. Additional information on each schedule can be obtained below. The Florida Drug Statute refers to the schedules to identify specific drugs.

Background And History Of Controlled Substance Schedules

The Drug Schedules were created by the passing of the Controlled Substances Act [CSA] in 1970. The CSA was passed by the 91st United States Congress as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated.

Creation Of Five Schedules

The legislation created five Schedules (classifications), with varying qualifications for a substance to be included in each. Placing a drug or other substance in a certain Schedule or removing it from a certain Schedule is primarily based on 21 USC [United States Code] §§ 801, 801a, 802, 811, 812, 813, and 814. Every schedule otherwise requires finding and specifying the potential for abuse before a substance can be placed in that schedule. Florida’s drug schedules are found in section 893.03, Florida Statutes, and they simply mimic the Federal Code’s Schedules.

References Only Describe Florida Law

All the drugs listed on these schedules are controlled substances. The penalties for each specific drug varies according to whether the prosecution is under Federal law or State law. Since this website only deals with the Laws of Florida it will reference State law only.

Each schedule is defined and lists the drugs that fall under that classification. Since the schedules are statutory the drugs listed on them are referred to by their statutory designation (their statute chapter, section, subparagraph, etc.). The penalty statutes refer to these statutory designations found in s. 893.03, Fla. Stat., rather than individual drug names.


The Schedules And Their Definitions

Schedule I: High Potential For Abuse; No Accepted Medical Use

A substance in Schedule I has a high potential for abuse and has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States and in its use under medical supervision does not meet accepted safety standards.

Schedule II: High Potential For Abuse; Severely Restricted Medical Use

A substance in Schedule II has a high potential for abuse and has a currently accepted but severely restricted medical use in treatment in the United States, and abuse of the substance may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Schedule III: Potential For Abuse; Accepted Medical Use

A substance in Schedule III has a potential for abuse less than the substances contained in Schedules I and II and has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and abuse of the substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence or, in the case of anabolic steroids, may lead to physical damage.

Schedule IV: Low Potential For Abuse; Accepted Medical Use

A substance in Schedule IV has a low potential for abuse relative to the substances in Schedule III and has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and abuse of the substance may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence relative to the substances in Schedule III.

Schedule V: Low Potential For Abuse; Accepted Medical Use

A substance, compound, mixture, or preparation of a substance in Schedule V has a low potential for abuse relative to the substances in Schedule IV and has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and abuse of such compound, mixture, or preparation may lead to limited physical or psychological dependence relative to the substances in Schedule IV.



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